GAMBARAN KESEHATAN MENTAL PADA MASYARAKAT DESA SRIKAMULYAN

  • Nita Rohayati Universitas Buana Perjuangan Karawang

Abstract

Di dalam kehidupan masyarakat, khususnya di pedesaan ada satu hal sangat penting yang harus
diperhatikan yaitu Kesehatan, khususnya kesehatan mental masyarakat. Kesehatan mental masyarakat
sangat penting artinya dalam pembangunan, karena masyarakat yang sehat secara mental akan mampu
mengaktualisasikan potensinya secara optimal. Deteksi dini terkait kesehatan mental di masyarakat
sangat diperlukan agar dapat menanggulangi permasalahan terkait gangguan jiwa di masyarakat
sehingga tidak terjadi peningkatan, termasuk di desa Srikamulyan. Penelitian bertujuan khusus:
(1)Mengidentifikasi karakteristik masyarakat, meliputi:usia, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, dan status
pernikahan, (2)Mengidentifikasi kelompok sehat, resiko, dan gangguan. Data dianalisis dengan
menghitung Central Tendency dan distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mayoritas
masyarakat desa Srikamulyan berusia dewasa, berjenis kelamin laki-laki, belum menikah, dan
pendidikan terakhir SD. Hasil identifikasi kesehatan jiwa didapatkan bahwa mayoritas masyarakat desa
Srikamulyan dalam kelompok usia sehat. Hasil penelitian ini selanjutnya dapat ditindaklanjuti dengan
memberikan intervensi pada masing-masing kelompok kesehatan jiwa, sehingga diharapkan dapat
meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang pentingnya kesehatan mental, meningkatkan
kemampuan masyarakat menolong dirinya dalam bidang kesehatan mental, meningkatkan kesiapsiagaan
masyarakat risiko dan bahaya kesehatan mental.
Kata kunci: Kesehatan Mental, Gambaran Kesehatan mental, Desa Srikamulyan

In community life, especially in rural areas, health is one very important thing that must be considered,
especially the mental health of the community. Community mental health is very important in
development, because a mentally healthy community will be able to actualize its potential optimally.
Early detection related to mental health in the community is very necessary in order to overcome
problems related to mental disorders in the community so that there is no increase, including in the
village of Srikamulyan. This research has specific objectives: (1) Identifying community characteristics,
including: age, gender, education, and marital status, (2) Identifying healthy groups, risks and
disorders. Data were analyzed by calculating Central Tendency and frequency distribution. The results
showed that the majority of Srikamulyan villagers were adults, male, unmarried, and last education
was elementary school. The results of mental health identification showed that the majority of the people
of Srikamulyan village were in the healthy age group. The results of this study can then be followed up
by providing interventions to each mental health group, so that it is expected to increase public
knowledge about the importance of mental health, increase the community's ability to help themselves
in the field of mental health, increase community preparedness for mental health risks and hazards.
Keywords: Mental Health, Mental Health Overview, Srikamulyan Village

Published
2021-07-16