PERANCANGAN MEJA KERJA ADJUSTABLE BERDASARKAN ANALISIS RISIKO POSTUR KERJA PADA KARYAWAN WAREHOUSE (STUDI KASUS PT. MATARAM TUNGGAL GARMENT)

  • Resvilia Nurzikiresa
  • Dian Janari

Abstract

PT. Mataram Tunggal Garment merupakan perusahaan besar yang bergerak di bidang produksi
pakaian yang sudah memiliki standar tingkat international karena hasil produknya 100% diekspor ke
mancanegara. Jam kerja yang dilakukan setiap hari dan target yang harus dicapai memicu timbulnya
berbagai macam tekanan bagi pekerja salah satunya tekanan fisik. Pekerja operator bagian warehouse
(aksesoris) memiliki peran yang penting dalam pencapaian target perusahaan karena aksesoris kancing,
manik-manik hiasan dan plastik kemas baju harus selalu siap tersedia baik sebelum baju diproduksi
(kancing dan manik-manik) maupun setelah selesai diproduksi atau finishing (baju jadi siap ekspor).
Postur kerja merupakan titik penentu dalam menganalisa keefektifan dari suatu pekerjaan. Nilai risiko
postur kerja dapat dinilai menggunakan Kuesioner Nordic Body Map dan Quick Exposure Checklist
serta pemberian usulan perbaikan dengan nilai keergonomisan produk didapatkan melalui Voice of
Customer. Berdasarkan hasil Kuesioner NBM dan QEC terlihat bahwa postur kerja operator warehouse
sebagian besar masuk dalam klasifikasi perlunya dilakukan penelitian dan perubahan secepatnya.
Sehingga hasil Kuesioner NBM dan QEC yang dilanjutkan dengan VOC dari operator warehouse maka
diberikan usulan perbaikan berupa desain produk meja adjustable yang berguna untuk memperbaiki
postur kerja operator dengan memperhatikan nilai keergonomisan produk. Usulan lain yang diberikan
yaitu berupa pemberian SOP kerja dan penyuluhan pemahaman kondisi kerja yang baik dan benar.
Kata kunci: Postur, NBM, QEC, VOC, Desain Produk

PT. Mataram Tunggal Garment is a large company engaged in the production of clothing which
already has international standards because its products are exported 100% abroad. The working
hours that are carried out every day and the targets that must be achieved trigger various kinds of
pressure for workers, one of which is physical pressure.operator workers Warehouse (accessories) have
an important role in achieving the company's targets because button accessories, decorative beads and
plastic packaging clothes must always be available before the clothes are produced (buttons and beads)
or after they are produced or finished (clothes). so ready to export). Work posture is a determining
point in analyzing the effectiveness of a job. The risk value of work posture can be assessed using
theQuestionnaire Nordic Body Map and the Quick Exposure Checklist and the provision of suggestions
for improvement with the product's ergonomic value obtained through the Voice of Customer. Based
on the results of the NBM and QEC questionnaires, it can be seen that most of the warehouse operators
work posture falls into the classification of the need for research and changes as soon as possible. So
that the results of the NBM and QEC questionnaires followed by the VOC from theoperator are warehouse given a recommendation for improvement in the form of antable product design adjustable
which is useful for improving the operator's work posture by taking into account the product ergonomics
value. Other suggestions are given in the form of providing work SOPs and counseling on
understanding the correct working conditions.
Keywords: Posture, NBM, QEC, VOC, Product Design

Published
2021-07-14