UJI SPF DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI SEDIAAN SUNSCREEN POWDER EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN JAMBU BIJI (Psidium guajava L.) TERHADAP Propionibacterium acnes

  • Nurul Halimah Amimi
  • Lina Rahmawati Rizkuloh
  • Susanti Prodi Farmasi, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Perjuangan Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Keywords: Guava leaves, Sunscreen powder, Propionibacterium acnes

Abstract

Every human being has different skin problems. Skin problems caused by sun exposure and acne-causing bacteria can be overcome by using a sunscreen powder that contains anti-acne. Natural ingredients that can overcome these problems are guava leaves (Psidium guajava L.) because they contain flavonoid compounds that can absorb ultraviolet light and have antibacterial activity. This study aims to determine the ability of guava leaves as a sunscreen by determining the value of SPF (Sun Protection Factor) using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer and as an anti-acne by calculating the inhibition of Propionibacterium acnes bacteria using the well diffusion method. The preparation formulation uses a variation in the concentration of guava leaf extract of 2.5%, 5%, and 7.5%. The results showed that guava leaf extract can be formulated into a sunscreen powder that meets the requirements. Based on the data obtained, the SPF value and inhibition zone diameter increased according to the high concentration of guava leaf extract used. All three formulas have an SPF value in the maximum protection category. Formula 3 (7.5%) has the highest SPF value of 15.00. The results of bacterial inhibition zone activity in formulas 1 (2.5%) and 2 (5%) were included in the strong category, while formula 3 (7.5%) had an inhibition of 21.33 mm, which was included in the very strong category.

References

Afifi, R., & Erlin, E. (2017). Uji Anti Bakteri Ekstrak Daun Jambu Biji (Psidium Guajava L) Terhadap Zona Hambat Bakteri Jerawatpropionibacterium Acnes Secara In Vitro. Jurnal Kesehatan Bakti Tunas Husada: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keperawatan, Analis Kesehatan Dan Farmasi, 17(2), 321–330.

Agustini, N. P. Ek., Burhannuddin, Sudarmanto, I. G., & Setyaningsih, S. (2023). Aktivitas antibakteri flavonoid propolis Trigona sp terhadap bakteri Streptococcus mutans (in vitro). Jurnal Skala Husada: The Jurnal Of Health, 20(1), 1–6.

Gunarti, N. S. (2018). Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Daun Jambu Biji (Psidium Guazava) Sebagai Gel Facial Wash Antijerawat. Pharma Xplore : Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi, 3(2), 199–205. https://doi.org/10.36805/farmasi.v3i2.492

Halimathussadiah, Rahmawati, D., & Indriyanti, N. (2021). Uji Aktivitas Minyak Atsiri Daun Pala (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) Sebagai Antibakteri. Proceeding of Mulawarman Pharmaceuticals Conferences, 13(6), 85–91.

Krunali, T., Dhara, P., Meshram, D. B., & Mitesh, P. (2013). Evaluation of Standards of Some Selected. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(5), 3622–3630.

Minerva, P. (2019). Penggunaan tabir surya bagi kesehatan kulit. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Keluarga, 11(1).

Moyal, D. (2012). Need for a well-balanced sunscreen to protect human skin from both Ultraviolet A and Ultraviolet B damage. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, 78(SUPPL.1), 24–30. https://doi.org/10.4103/0378-6323.97352

Nugroho, W., Ayuchecaria, N., & Aryzki, S. (2022). Penentuan Nilai Sun Protecting Factor (SPF) Dan Uji Karakteristik Sifat Fisik-Kimia Sediaan Nanoherbal Bedak Dayak. Journal Pharmaceutical Care and Sciences, 3(1), 140–146. https://doi.org/10.33859/jpcs.v3i1.255

Purwaningsih, S., Salamah, E., & Adnin, M. N. (2015). Photoprotective Effect Of Sunscreen Cream With Addition Of Carrageenan And Black Mangrove Fruit (Rhizopora mucronata Lamk.). Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 7(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v7i1.9819

Rasydy, L. O. A., Supriyanta, J., & Novita, D. (2019). Formulasi Ekstrak Etanol 96% Daun Sirih Hijau (Piper Betle L.) Dalam Bedak Tabur Anti Jerawat Dan Uji Aktivitas Antiacne Terhadap Staphylococcus Aureus. Jurnal Farmagazine, 6(2), 18. https://doi.org/10.47653/farm.v6i2.142

Rizqiana, K., & Pambudi, D. B. (2021). Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Daun Pare (Momordica charantia L.) Terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kesehatan, 1, 1598–1604. https://doi.org/10.48144/prosiding.v1i.901

Susanto, S., Inkorisa, D., & Hermansyah, D. (2018). Pelilinan Efektif Memperpanjang Masa Simpan Buah Jambu Biji (Psidium guajava L.) ‘Kristal.’ Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia, 9(1), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.29244/jhi.9.1.19-26

Usman, Y., & Muin, R. (2020). Formulasi dan Uji In Vitro Nilai Sun Protecting Factor (SPF) Krim dari Cangkang Telur Ayam Ras. Jurnal MIPA, 10(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.35799/jmuo.10.1.2021.31188

Zahrah, H., Mustika, A., & Debora, K. (2019). Aktivitas Antibakteri dan Perubahan Morfologi dari Propionibacterium Acnes Setelah Pemberian Ekstrak Curcuma Xanthorrhiza. Jurnal Biosains Pascasarjana, 20(3), 160. https://doi.org/10.20473/jbp.v20i3.2018.160-169

Published
2023-11-23