ANALISA RUTE DISTRIBUSI DAN BIAYA TRANSPORTASI SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG BISNIS PT POS INDONESIA KP BANJARNEGARA

  • Aditia Sovia Pramudita

Abstract

PT Pos Indonesia is a state-owned enterprise engaged in courier service in
Indonesia. To achieve the competitive advantage, PT Pos Indonesia certainly cannot be
separated from its effectiveness and its efficiency in distributing letters and packages to
the customers. This research is the background of the product distribution process at
PT Pos Indonesia Regional VI Semarang which based on Pos Indonesia way, where the
need for savings in needed. Therefore, the PROSAN section needs to make savings in
terms of distribution routes and distance. The purpose of this study is to determine the
distribution route of Pos Banjarnegara in order to minimize transportation costs. This
research uses the VRP method. In this thesis, the VRP model is needed for the
Banjarnegara Pos office distribution route, the solving for this method is to use saving
matrix, nearest insertion, nearest neighbor and finding out the most effective VRP
solving among those methods. Based on the calculation to complete the VRP using the
saving matrix method, the total distance is 204,3 km, the nearest insertion is 203,9, and
the nearest neighbor produces a distance of 180,6 km while the current average for the
distance in this company is 244,8 km. This shows that the nearest neighbor method is
more efficient in determining distribution routes, and this route can be done by using
just one vehicle.
Keywords: saving matrix, nearest insertion, nearest neighbor, distribution, routes

Published
2020-04-01